August 24, Now, there are many nuances, but if you remember to do the above correctly, Russians will understand your speech well. So you do well to learn the nominative, prepositional, accusative and genitive case BEFORE you start thinking about the dative case. The reason why you want to learn the genitive case before the dative, is that the genitive is much more common.

Where with the genitive case, there are many different situations when you should use it, the dative only has several. Feminine nouns are more difficult. Russian dative adjectives are at the same difficulty level as the regular nouns. Another thing is that mascuine and neuter adjectives change in the same way. So that would mean you already understand this.

Possessive pronouns in the dative have a lot in common with adjectives. Comparing them to adjectives and finding where they match is a good exercise to do in the beginning while learning them. Demonstrative pronouns are basically like adjectives again. When you compare Russian to languages such as Dutch, English or French, Russian has little exceptions.

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In practice this means that when you give something to someone, the someone is in the dative case. Of course there are more verbs that need the dative case. But these 8 make up a large part of all verbs you meet that require the dative case. While reading Russian, I recommend you take a good look everytime you see a noun in the dative case. And if there is a verb close to it, then chances are high that it was the verb that caused this case.

The first 2 are the most common. So you use the dative case for this.

Russian Reflexive Verbs with the Instrumental Case

If you follow this order, it will be a lot easier to learn the cases. The reason for this is because if you know the first 4 cases, the dative case will seem very easy. Only the step from accusative to genitive is difficult. And once you know the genitive, the dative is a piece of cake. If you see a verb that has a noun in the dative case behind it, you instantly recognize this as so.

These constructions are so common that you will see them often. And the more often you see and hear them, the easier to understand. But this can wait till you have more experience, and have learned the other cases as well.Russian grammar: Instrumental case, Russian prepositions. In this lesson, we start learning the Instrumental case.

Here you can find the general explanation and the prepositions used with the Instrumental case. In the following lessons we will learn to form the Instrumental case with Russian nouns and pronouns.

Nouns, pronouns and adjectives in the Instrumental case are highlighted in this lesson.

instrumental case russian exercises

It denotes the instrument or agent by which the action is performed. The instrument can include parts of the body. We use the Instrumental to talk about the accompaniment usually with the preposition c :.

The Instrumental case can be used with or without preposition. The offline version of this lesson is available here. We believe that the education should be free and available to everybody. This is why some time ago, we made a decision to continue developing as a completely free network. But we need the support of our readers to continue creating new content, keep the development going and pay related expenses.

instrumental case russian exercises

If you like what we do and find it helpful, consider supporting us by either buying one of the offline packages or making a donation below. Thank you, your support is much appreciated! You and I have known each other for a long time. When you talk about the 3d person, you might use a structure more close to English:. Your email address will not be published.

Alphabet Grammar Vocabulary Tests Offline. More lessons on the Instrumental case The Instrumental case in Russian The Instrumental case with singular nouns The Instrumental case with plural nouns Personal pronouns in the Instrumental Demonstrative pronouns in the Instrumental Possessive pronouns in the Instrumental.

Spotted an error? Help us to correct it please! You might also like Practice Russian cases with examples and audio How to say Happy Birthday in Russian - Examples and audio Russian tip of the day from professional Russian teachers How to say good night in Russian Why and how to learn Russian language Is Russian hard to learn?

Test on the Instrumental case.You'll find the activities divided into 3 different levels from beginner to advanced and every exercise consist of a question test.

If you need extra help, each activity has links to grammar tables. Masculine 1 Masculine 2 Feminine 1 Feminine 2 Neuter. Any gender 1 Any gender 2 Any gender 3 Any gender 4 Any gender 5. How much grammar is enough? This section contains enough exercises to spend hours practising. However, remember that, even though grammar is important, there are more things to take into account when learning Russian as a foreign language.

Our website has plenty of sections, all of them different and useful. Have a look around and choose a couple of them to visit every time you need a rest from doing exercises. Studying a language is more than just grammar activities. We want to help you learn Russian.

Do you want to receive news from us? Subscribe to our newsletter. Spanish version:. Russian grammar exercises Let's practise the Russian cases. Beginner level. Intermediate level. Advanced level. Learn Russian without spam We want to help you learn Russian. Last Name not required.Listen and repeat: 1.

Listen and repeat:. Listen and repeat: 5. Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the Instrumental case endings. Russian For Everyone Learn Russian Language Online Self study guide for elementary level learners of Russian and for intermediate level students who wish to review basic grammar and vocabulary.

Summary of endings. Russian grammar and vocabulary. Unit 7. Grammar Lesson 28 Verbs that take the Dative Case. Grammar Lesson 29 Expressing Availability and Necessity. Grammar Lesson 30 Verbal Aspect introduction. Meaning of Aspect. Aspect and Tense. Future Tense: Imperfective and Perfective Future.

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Aspectual Pairs. The Instrumental Case of Personal Pronouns. Uses and forms. Quiz 16 Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons with this 15 minute quiz. Test 7 Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons If a noun is used in the Instrumental case, the adjective that modifies that noun must also be in the Instrumental case. Yesterday we have met a new Russian student. Yesterday we have met a new student.

Yesterday we have met new Russian students.To express the means, manner, or agent, by which an action is performed the Instrumental case without a preposition is used. Masculine and Neuter. Russian For Everyone Learn Russian Language Online Self study guide for elementary level learners of Russian and for intermediate level students who wish to review basic grammar and vocabulary.

The Instrumental Case of Personal Pronouns. Uses and forms. Russian grammar and vocabulary. Unit 7. Grammar Lesson 28 Verbs that take the Dative Case. Grammar Lesson 29 Expressing Availability and Necessity.

Prepositional case. Russian grammar

Grammar Lesson 30 Verbal Aspect introduction. Meaning of Aspect. Aspect and Tense. Future Tense: Imperfective and Perfective Future. Aspectual Pairs. Summary of endings. Quiz 16 Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons with this 15 minute quiz.

Test 7 Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons Yesterday my friends and I went to the movie theater. The Instrumental case of nouns is formed from the Nominative case. Study the formation of the Instrumental Singular:. I you he, it; she we you they. Form the Instrumental case of nouns hard endings.View grammar comments. Home page. Online Courses. Hide menu Show menu. View grammar comments Exercise I.

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Determine which case should be used in Russian for the underlined words g I'll give this book to my syster. The theater is situated in the center of the town. The text of this dialogue is not difficult to understand. The boy told an interesting story to his friend. The tourist bought a souvenir in Moscow.

Genitive Dative Accusative. John is writing with a pen. Nominative Instrumental Prepositional. She knows the Russian language. Genitive Accusative Prepositional.

This is my sister's book. Nominative Genitive Accusative. Nominative Genitive Prepositional. He is in Moscow. Nominative Accusative Prepositional.

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The student understands this text. Nominative Dative Accusative. The book is on the table. Accusative Instrumental Prepositional. Maria lives in Russia.

Russian Instrumental Case with the Verb становиться-стать

She pays with a credit card. My brothers are watching TV. Dative Accusative Prepositional. This girl is writing a letter to her mother. The student is reading a book about history. Accusative: tourist souvenir Moscow. The boy is writing a letter to his father.

instrumental case russian exercises

Dative: boy letter father. My brother's phone is on the table.

The Instrumental Case

Prepositional: brother phone table.Mike Weber adds 602 rushing yards and a team-best 10 touchdowns. Through the air, K. Hill paces the team with 51 receptions, while Parris Campbell is No. As longtime Big Ten foes, Ohio State and Wisconsin have a long history. The Buckeyes have dominated for much of the series history, going 58-18-5.

Ohio State even won 21 games in a row from 1960 to 1980. Currently, Ohio State has beaten Wisconsin five consecutive times. Four of those victories have been close. The one exception was in 2014, when the Buckeyes crushed the Badgers 59-0 in the Big Ten title game and used that to earn a spot in the College Football Playoff. Ohio State would go on to win the national championship, its first since 2002. What does it all mean. How much can you win.

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What needs to happen. The odds will determine how much you will win in return for the money you bet (stake). Odds are determined by the probability of a certain outcome arriving. Coming into the game, the Sharks topped the regular season table and earned home ground advantage, so they were the favourites.

Bookmakers thought they were the most likely team to win, with Western Province the outsiders and even bigger odds on the draw. The numbers next to each outcome (odds) tells you how much you will receive if that particular result arrives. Your payout is determined by the odds and your stake.

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In this case, punters who backed the Sharks would win 55c for every Rand they bet. So a R100 bet would return R55, plus your original stake of R100.

Anyone who bet on Western Province would get R150 for every R100 bet. There you have it.